12122017Headline:

First Aid Kits For Pets

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We all take precautions to keep ourselves and our families safe at home; we however sometimes overlook some members of our families.  Who are these family members? Our pets. We often fail to take rudimentary precautions to avoid or minimize harm. So what can we do about this?

Here are some suggestions for pet safety in the home:

Keep a First Aid Kit

As basic as this sounds, most pet owners don’t have a first aid kit, for their pets. The kit does not have to be elaborate, a simple basic kit will do.

Typically the kit should contain the following items:

- Hydrogen peroxide, known widely as an astringent, is typically used to clean a wound but in the animal world it is very   useful in making your pet vomit.  .
- Antihistamines, having these nearby is always a good idea.  They are quite handy, if the animal has a reaction to bee stings and insect bites.  It is also good for congestion and itching.
- Stomach medication, dogs as a breed suffer from stomach ailments such as diarrhea, gas or even vomiting.
- Antibiotic ointment such as Neosporin and the like, is good treat cuts and scratches that are not too deep or located in places where the dog can lick it off.  You may need to cover it with a gauze wrap, if your animal continuously licks the area.
- Alcohol.  Isopropyl alcohol is good to use on wet ears.
- Sterile gauze pads and self stick gauze tape. An essential for the management of cuts and wounds.
- Oral dose syringes. Used for giving liquid medications to uncooperative pets.
- Pill Pockets come in handy, for animals that are difficult to get a pill into.

Specific Situations -
If your pet gets wounded, never treat the wound with Peroxide, it prevents clotting.  Use gauze pads or clean cloths along with self stick gauze wraps to keep wounds clean.  Make sure to disinfect the area, using antiseptic and antibiotic ointment.

For small scratches or cuts, that are bleeding, a steptik pencil or kwik stop powder may be all that is needed.

Poisoning, sometimes our pets lick or swallow things that they shouldn’t, such as a frog, lizard or different types of greenery.  Wipe their tongue and squirt a small amount of Peroxide in the dog’s mouth.  This will induce vomiting, if you feel that this is deemed necessary.

Children’s (clear) Benadryl is good for itching, congestion and colds.

Scorpion venom from a sting, remove the stinger and administer pain medication. Then get to the veterinarian as soon as possible.

Snake bites.  Identify the snake, if possible. Restrict the pets’ movement.  Don’t try and aspirate the venom.  Do not apply a tourniquet to stop the venom from spreading.  Take your pet to the nearest veterinarian, as quickly as possible.

Fishhooks or other sharp objects embedded in the dogs’ mouth.  If the hook or object has passed all the way through, cut the exposed end with wire cutters and remove all the other pieces.  If the object has not passed all the way through, push it in the direction of entry till it comes out (if this is practical) and cut the exposed end.  Then remove the other pieces. Thoroughly clean the area.  Follow this by contacting your veterinarian for further instructions, if needed.

Allergic reactions.  Antihistamines are the treatment of choice here for swollen face and hives.  If the reaction is seen to be severe then steroids may also be needed.  Examine the dog if it seems that its breathing is affected administer epinephrine, if available.  Seek the advice of a veterinarian, as soon as possible.

This list is not exhaustive.  It just shows some typical everyday situations that may occur.  Every one of us, as pet owners, should try to be as prepared, as possible.

Have a discussion with your veterinarian.  Ask how and what can make you more prepared, for every day situations  and what medications that is recommend that you keep, on hand.   There may also be some prescription medications that they feel should be included, in your first aid kit or medicine cabinet.  All of these things may differ, depending on where you live.

 

You  may enjoy another article, by this author
How To Choose A Veterinarian

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